Latest Manual Page of perf-sched.1

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perf-sched - Tool to trace/measure scheduler properties (latencies)


perf sched {record|latency|map|replay|script|timehist}


There are several variants of perf sched:

perf sched record <command> to record the scheduling events
of an arbitrary workload.

perf sched latency to report the per task scheduling latencies
and other scheduling properties of the workload.

Example usage:
    perf sched record -- sleep 1
    perf sched latency

Task                  |   Runtime ms  |  Count   | Avg delay ms    | Max delay ms    | Max delay start           | Max delay end          |
perf:(2)              |      2.804 ms |       66 | avg:   0.524 ms | max:   1.069 ms | max start: 254752.314960 s | max end: 254752.316029 s
NetworkManager:1343   |      0.372 ms |       13 | avg:   0.008 ms | max:   0.013 ms | max start: 254751.551153 s | max end: 254751.551166 s
kworker/1:2-xfs:4649  |      0.012 ms |        1 | avg:   0.008 ms | max:   0.008 ms | max start: 254751.519807 s | max end: 254751.519815 s
kworker/3:1-xfs:388   |      0.011 ms |        1 | avg:   0.006 ms | max:   0.006 ms | max start: 254751.519809 s | max end: 254751.519815 s
sleep:147736          |      0.938 ms |        3 | avg:   0.006 ms | max:   0.007 ms | max start: 254751.313817 s | max end: 254751.313824 s

It shows Runtime(time that a task spent actually running on the CPU),
Count(number of times a delay was calculated) and delay(time that a
task was ready to run but was kept waiting).

Tasks with the same command name are merged and the merge count is
given within (), However if -p option is used, pid is mentioned.

perf sched script to see a detailed trace of the workload that
 was recorded (aliased to perf script for now).

perf sched replay to simulate the workload that was recorded
via perf sched record. (this is done by starting up mockup threads
that mimic the workload based on the events in the trace. These
threads can then replay the timings (CPU runtime and sleep patterns)
of the workload as it occurred when it was recorded - and can repeat
it a number of times, measuring its performance.)

perf sched map to print a textual context-switching outline of
workload captured via perf sched record.  Columns stand for
individual CPUs, and the two-letter shortcuts stand for tasks that
are running on a CPU. A * denotes the CPU that had the event, and
a dot signals an idle CPU.

perf sched timehist provides an analysis of scheduling events.

Example usage:
    perf sched record -- sleep 1
    perf sched timehist

By default it shows the individual schedule events, including the wait
time (time between sched-out and next sched-in events for the task), the
task scheduling delay (time between wakeup and actually running) and run
time for the task:

            time    cpu  task name             wait time  sch delay   run time
                         [tid/pid]                (msec)     (msec)     (msec)
  -------------- ------  --------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------
    79371.874569 [0011]  gcc[31949]                0.014      0.000      1.148
    79371.874591 [0010]  gcc[31951]                0.000      0.000      0.024
    79371.874603 [0010]  migration/10[59]          3.350      0.004      0.011
    79371.874604 [0011]  <idle>                    1.148      0.000      0.035
    79371.874723 [0005]  <idle>                    0.016      0.000      1.383
    79371.874746 [0005]  gcc[31949]                0.153      0.078      0.022

Times are in msec.usec.


-i, --input=<file>

Input file name. (default: unless stdin is a fifo)

-v, --verbose

Be more verbose. (show symbol address, etc)

-D, --dump-raw-trace=

Display verbose dump of the sched data.

-f, --force

Don’t complain, do it.


-C, --CPU <n>

CPU to profile on.

-p, --pids

latency stats per pid instead of per command name.

-s, --sort <key[,key2...]>

sort by key(s): runtime, switch, avg, max by default it’s sorted by "avg ,max ,switch ,runtime".



Show only CPUs with activity. Helps visualizing on high core count systems.


Show just entries with activities for the given CPUs.


Highlight the given cpus.


Highlight the given pids.


-k, --vmlinux=<file>

vmlinux pathname


kallsyms pathname

-g, --call-graph

Display call chains if present (default on).


Maximum number of functions to display in backtrace, default 5.

-C=, --cpu=

Only show events for the given CPU(s) (comma separated list).

-p=, --pid=

Only show events for given process ID (comma separated list).

-t=, --tid=

Only show events for given thread ID (comma separated list).

-s, --summary

Show only a summary of scheduling by thread with min, max, and average run times (in sec) and relative stddev.

-S, --with-summary

Show all scheduling events followed by a summary by thread with min, max, and average run times (in sec) and relative stddev.


Look for files with symbols relative to this directory.

-V, --cpu-visual

Show visual aid for sched switches by CPU: i marks idle time, s are scheduler events.

-w, --wakeups

Show wakeup events.

-M, --migrations

Show migration events.

-n, --next

Show next task.

-I, --idle-hist

Show idle-related events only.


Only analyze samples within given time window: <start>,<stop>. Times have the format seconds.microseconds. If start is not given (i.e., time string is ,x.y) then analysis starts at the beginning of the file. If stop time is not given (i.e, time string is x.y,) then analysis goes to end of file.


Show task state when it switched out.




This page is auto-generated. The kernel version is v6.10-rc1

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